Advancements In Robotic-Assisted Hernia Surgery

Surgical robots require significant initial investments in equipment, training, and maintenance. The cost can be a barrier for smaller hospitals and healthcare facilities that may not have the resources to acquire robotic systems.

Robotic Hernia Surgery also minimizes surgeon fatigue, which can prolong careers and lead to medical problems such as bursitis in the shoulder and back pain. The seated position of the surgeon at the console also helps reduce physical strain on her body.

hernia surgery


A hernia repair surgeon uses robotic technology to place mesh in the abdominal wall. This provides support to the tissue, decreasing the chances of recurrence. The robot’s precision means that it is easier to get the mesh into the right position. Additionally, the surgeon can see more clearly to make sure he or she does not touch any nerves or other important structures. This increases the chance of a successful operation and reduces the risk of complications such as postoperative seroma and pain.

When patients undergo robotic hernia surgery, they can leave the hospital the same day or the next. This is due to the smaller incisions, which lead to a faster recovery time. Patients also experience less pain after hernia surgery than with traditional surgeries and can resume regular activities more quickly. Typically, hernia patients can return to weight training and intense exercise within six weeks.

The robot’s ability to provide a more precise surgical approach also helps to reduce the risk of hernia recurrence. Because the robotic system has a greater range of motion and improved visualization, hernia repair is more efficient. This can lower the rate of mesh migration and shrinkage, which is a major cause of hernia recurrence. The increased accuracy also improves the quality of hernia repair and can reduce the risk of complications such as chronic pain.

In addition, robotic hernia surgery can be done without the need for staples to close the wound. This decreases the theoretical risk of hernia recurrence and may increase patient satisfaction. However, further studies are needed to compare the long-term outcomes of robotic and laparoscopic hernia repair. Randomized trials are preferred, as are studies that use better methodology such as propensity matching to control for bias.

Another area where further research is needed is cost-effectiveness. The cost of the robotic system, annual maintenance, and per-case utilization are important to consider. Some studies of the cost-effectiveness of robotic hernia surgery have been limited by relying on administrative databases and using cost-to-charge ratios, which are prone to bias. Future studies should focus on quantifying costs such as operating room time, length of stay, and re-admissions in comparison to hernia recurrence.

Minimally Invasive

Using the da Vinci surgical system, surgeons can perform robotic hernia surgery with significantly fewer incisions and scarring than laparoscopic surgery. The system also uses a more high-resolution camera that sends a 3-D image to the surgeon, which improves surgical accuracy and reduces the risk of complications. The robotic instruments are also more flexible than those used in laparoscopic surgery, allowing for greater movement within the abdomen.

Studies comparing the outcomes of robotic and laparoscopic hernia repairs have shown that the hernias in patients treated with robotic hernia surgery are repaired more quickly than in those treated with laparoscopic hernia repairs. Additionally, there was a lower rate of postoperative pain and seroma in patients who underwent robotic hernia repair.

Another study found that when compared with open hernia repair, patients who underwent robotic hernia surgery had shorter hospital stays and lower rates of complications. However, the study did find that robotic hernia surgery was more expensive than open hernia repair. This may be due to the cost of the robot itself and the need for a dedicated operating room and trained staff to assist with the procedure.

Some concerns about the safety of robotic hernia surgery have been raised. One concern is that the use of robotic equipment requires the surgeon to be seated at the console. This can lead to neck and shoulder pain. It is important to be able to adjust the chair position and ergonomics to help reduce these problems.

In addition, the surgical instruments in hernia repair can be difficult to handle with the robot. The hernia is usually in the abdominal wall, where there are many muscles and other tissues that must be maneuvered. The robot’s instruments are smaller and more flexible, which can be difficult for surgeons to handle with their hands. The size of the instruments can also increase the likelihood of inadvertent injury to underlying organs, which can be dangerous.

While robotic hernia surgery can offer significant benefits, it is not appropriate for all patients. The type of hernia, other medical conditions, and previous surgeries can all influence whether a patient is a good candidate for robotic hernia surgery.


The robotic method allows surgeons to perform hernia repairs with precision, accuracy, and enhanced visualization. It also reduces the risk of complications and recurrence. The surgery is less invasive than traditional hernia repair techniques and results in shorter hospital stays. This lessens postoperative pain and allows patients to return to daily activities more quickly.

The robot uses small incisions, which can be manipulated to access the hernia area. The surgeon sits at a console, which controls the robotic arms and camera. The system translates natural hand, wrist, and finger movements from the surgeon into precise movement of the instruments inside the patient. This allows for greater dexterity than laparoscopic surgery.

In qualified hands, robotic hernia surgery has similar risks to laparoscopic hernia repair and fewer than traditional open hernia surgery. It also provides improved recovery times, with many patients discharged the same day or the next day.

However, it is important to remember that robotic hernia surgery is not right for every patient. Certain hernia types, other medical illnesses, and previous surgeries can increase the risk of complications from the procedure. If a patient is not a good candidate for robotic hernia repair, we may recommend another surgical approach.

Whether or not robotic hernia repair is right for you depends on your surgeon’s experience, training, and knowledge of hernia anatomy. You should choose a hernia surgeon who is experienced and comfortable using the robot for hernia repairs.

It is recommended that you select a surgeon who performs robotic hernia repair at least 200-250 times per year on average. This ensures that they have the skill and expertise to optimize the procedure for each patient.

In addition to hernias, robotic surgery can be used for cholecystectomy and inguinal hernia repair. A recent randomized controlled trial on robotically assisted ventral hernia repair demonstrated similar results for this surgery when compared to traditional open or laparoscopic approaches.

It is also important to note that the costs associated with robotic hernia repair can exacerbate healthcare disparities in rural and economically disadvantaged areas, further limiting access to this advanced technology. However, policymakers and providers can work together to ensure that hernia patients have access to robotic surgery safely and appropriately.


During robotic hernia surgery, your surgeon makes fewer incisions than during open surgery, which means you will experience less pain and scarring after your procedure. The robotic system has a small camera and four arms that control the instruments, which are inserted into your body through several tiny cuts. This allows your surgeon to see and operate on your organs clearly on a video screen, which can also help them repair difficult or complex hernias.

The robot’s arms are very precise and can maneuver in ways that are difficult to do with laparoscopic tools. For example, they can move very precisely to remove tissue from the hernia site and to stitch the area shut with minimal chance of causing damage or tearing. They can also use the robot to apply tension to the hernia mesh, which helps prevent it from forming new incisions or bulges in the future.

One of the biggest advantages of robotic hernia surgery is the faster recovery time than traditional surgery. You will be able to go home much sooner, and you’ll also have a lower risk of complications from the surgery, such as infection or blood clots.

Another advantage of robotic hernia surgery is that it can be performed even when the patient is very overweight or has a large hernia. This is because the incisions are smaller and can be made through your abdominal wall muscle, rather than through a large piece of skin.

While research about robotic hernia surgery is still ongoing, it has shown some promising results. A recent study of 368 patients who underwent a robotic TAPP ventral hernia repair (rVHR) found that there was low conversion to open hernia repair, minimal intraoperative blood loss, and a short hospital stay. The 30-day post-operative complication rate was also low, with the most common being seroma and surgical site infections.

However, because of the lack of randomized controlled trials, the long-term outcomes of robotic hernia surgery have not yet been determined. In addition, the cost of robotic hernia surgery is still unknown, as it requires a significant investment in equipment, maintenance contracts, and staff training.