Mold Removal – How to Get Rid of Mold in Your Home

Mold Removal

Mold and mildew need two things to grow: moisture and a food source. Controlling the moisture is the key to stopping it.

Start at the bottom of the wall to prevent drywall damage, and avoid oversaturating the wall with cleaning solution. Chlorine bleach works best for killing spores and lightening stains, but hydrogen peroxide can also work. Visit to learn more.

1. Cleaning

Mold grows on organic material that provides food for it, such as the wood of a window frame or the cellulose of drywall. If it is only on the surface of non-porous material, it can often be removed with a simple cleaning solution. Vinegar is an inexpensive, natural choice for removing mold spots from most surfaces. Simply spray it onto the affected area and allow it to sit for a few minutes before wiping. Repeat the process if necessary until the spot is gone.

For best results, it is important to wear protective gear during the removal process. This includes a respirator or N-95 mask, goggles, and work gloves. For larger areas, it is also a good idea to have a partner to help you remove the mold. Regular cleaning and dusting can prevent mold growth by limiting the accumulation of organic material that mold needs to grow. In addition, making sure areas that are prone to water build-up, such as showers and sinks, are kept dry with a squeegee or towel after each use can limit the moisture that leads to mold growth.

Bleach is another effective mold removal product, but it can be toxic to lungs. If you choose to use bleach, make sure to wear a respirator and gloves. The amount of bleach that you need to use will vary depending on the size of the affected area, so be careful not to overdo it.

Hydrogen peroxide can also be used to kill mold. It is safe and doesn’t leave a behinid residue or produce toxic fumes like bleach does. Simply pour a solution of 3% hydrogen peroxide into a spray bottle and apply to the affected area. After spraying, allow the solution to sit for a few minutes before scrubbing with a brush and then wiping clean. Rinse the area with water to make sure all of the cleaning solution and spores are completely rinsed away.

The most critical factor in determining whether or not a spot of mold requires professional attention is the extent and depth of the infestation. Often the roots of mold are much more extensive than what is visible to the naked eye. If the mold is causing severe health issues for you or your family, or if it is in the walls of your home and causing significant water damage, it is important to call in a professional to assess and remediate the situation.

2. Extermination

Mold is a type of fungus that thrives in damp areas. While it is commonly seen growing on decaying vegetation outdoors, or in the refrigerator where old food is kept, some varieties of mold can cause health problems. The most dangerous is black mold (Stachybotrys chartarum) and this should only be treated by a professional. In most cases, however, mold in homes is simply a discoloration on wall surfaces or other materials and appears harmless. This is why homeowners often try to combat small mold problems themselves rather than call in a specialist. This can be a mistake as some varieties of mold are toxic and may cause serious health issues, especially for those with allergies, asthma or weak immune systems.

Professionals in the mold remediation business use several methods to treat and eradicate large amounts of mold. They begin by identifying and correcting the water problem that caused the initial mold growth, as this will prevent mold spores from returning. Once the moisture problem is fixed, professionals isolate the affected area by sealing windows or other openings to keep mold spores from spreading throughout the home.

The next step is to clean and sanitize the affected area using high-level disinfectants and antimicrobial products. Non-porous materials like bathtubs and countertops are cleaned, while porous items that cannot be removed such as wooden wall studs are treated with commercial-grade antimicrobial sprays. After cleaning, all materials are allowed to dry before mold spores can regrow. This typically takes one to five days and is speeded up by the use of fans, dehumidifiers and adjusting the indoor air temperature.

Finally, professionals test the air quality in the affected space to ensure all mold spores have been killed. Once this is complete, the mold remediation process is considered complete and the home or office can be reoccupied. The mold remediation process is different from mold removal, as the latter only removes visible mold and not any spores that have spread. The terms mold removal, mold mitigation and mold abatement are used interchangeably, but only mold remediation addresses the core problem of mold in the first place.

3. Remediation

Mold remediation, unlike cleaning or extermination, offers a long-term solution to your problem. It is recommended for large areas affected by mold or difficult-to-reach spaces like HVAC systems. During this process, the mold removal company will use containments to separate the area from the rest of your home or building, which helps to control and limit the spread of mold spores. Once the contaminated area is isolated, a professional will thoroughly clean all surfaces using professional cleaning solutions and antimicrobial treatments. The air will also be treated using methods like fogging, UV light, and ozone to kill remaining mold spores.

Porous materials like carpeting, drywall, and fabric-covered furniture will be removed from the affected space and disposed of. After the contaminated areas are cleaned, professionals will use fans and dehumidifiers to dry the space quickly and prevent any further mold growth. A humidity monitor may be used to make sure the air is below a certain moisture threshold before any items are returned to the room.

Once the area is completely dried, a clearance test will be performed to confirm that no further mold growth will occur. This step is very important because if any spores remain in the air, they will continue to grow and eventually lead to new outbreaks.

It is impossible to get rid of all mold spores in the air, but a professional mold remediation service can help you get the spore count back down to a safe level.

Mold Remediation is an intensive and lengthy process, but it is one of the most effective ways to deal with a mold infestation. Mold contamination can lead to serious health problems, especially for those who suffer from allergies, asthma, or compromised immune systems. Removing the fungus as soon as it appears will prevent further damage and reduce your risk of health issues.

Whether you are looking for a quick way to deal with a small spot of mold or want a full-scale inspection and remediation, BELFOR’s certified professionals can handle your situation safely and efficiently. To learn more, visit our FAQ page or contact BELFOR today.

4. Repair

If the mold problem is extensive and/or there’s a chance that the spores are circulating throughout the home, it might be necessary to replace some materials. Often, this involves removing porous or absorbent materials, such as drywall and carpeting, and replacing them with new material.

During this step, professional cleaners use biocide to kill the remaining spores and deodorize the area. They then allow the affected surfaces and any discarded materials to dry completely. This can take several days, and fans or dehumidifiers may be used to speed up the process. During this time, the cleaning team will also clean any equipment that was exposed to mold and take precautions to prevent the spread of spores from the infected areas to unaffected areas of the home.

A trained remediation specialist will assess the mold problem and determine what needs to be done to resolve it. Depending on the situation, this could include everything from sealing off the affected areas to contacting your insurance company. The specialist will then clean the area by scrubbing or wiping away any visible mold. This includes surfaces like counters and cabinets, as well as more porous or absorbent materials such as drywall and insulation.

As a general rule, a splotch of surface mold that measures less than a couple square feet should be easy to handle for most homeowners, provided that they have the proper safety gear and some basic tools at hand. However, if the mold is in the walls or other hard-to-reach places, or it’s a particularly toxic variety, you should call a professional for help.

In most cases, a professional will also identify and fix the source of moisture that allowed mold to grow in the first place. This is an important step, because mold spores need moisture to thrive. Getting rid of the moisture is the best way to keep the mold from returning. This is why mold remediation services often involve addressing underlying issues, such as leaky roofs and plumbing problems. This can help you avoid the expensive repairs that often accompany long-term exposure to harmful types of mold.